Computer Monitors


Definition of a Monitor

Monitor: An informative Cathode-Ray tube that displays things like a TV… Such a pictures, art, music, videos, and other things.

History of the Monitor

1960- The first minicomputer was invented. This monitor had a keyboard attached to the screen. This computer was an important step toward personal computers.
1960- The first commercial computer with a monitor is sold.
1961- People started using the Cathode Ray tube monitor.
1962- The Monochrome Monitor was invented.
1963- Liquid Crystal Display technology was developed.
1965- The first Transistor-Transistor Logic (TTL) was developed by Texas Instruments.
1965- Ivan Sutherland creates and presents the first "virtual reality" display.
1970- Blinking green text based monitors where the only monitors available for computers.
1976 to 1979- Computer Monitors were big boxes that came with the a keyboard attached.
1981- IBM produced the mono display adapter that showed 2 colors and had a refresh rate of 50hz. This monitor had a Transistor-Transistor Logic. This is a digital circuit where the output is derived from two transistors.
1981- IBM created the color graphics adapter. This monitor had 160x200 pixels and could show four colors. It had a 60Hz refresh rate and was a Transistor-Transistor Logic monitor.
1981- IBM invented the first color graphic monitor. This monitor could render four colors and had a resolution of 320 pixels horizontally by 200 pixels vertically.
1981- IBM invented the red green blue intensity. This monitor had a 640x200 pixel screen and showed four colors, red green blue and white. It was a TTL and could refresh at a rate of 60Hz.
1982- IBM produced the Hercules display adapter that had 720x340 pixels. This screen had a refresh rate of 50Hz and was a TTL.
1984- IBM created the enhanced graphic monitor. This monitor showed 16 colors and a resolution of 640x350 pixels.
1987- The multicolor graphic array monitor was created by IBM. This monitor had a 1024x768 pixel monitor that showed 256 different colors. This was an analog monitor that had a refresh rate of 43.5Hz.
1987- The video graphic array was produced. These monitors where so successful that some of these computer monitors are still in use. This same monitor was produced again later on in the year with a 1600x1200 pixel screen with 32 more colors and a refresh rate of 85Hz.
1990- The extended graphics array was invented. This monitor offered 800x600 pixel resolution. By having a monitor that had 800x600 pixel resolution you could see 65,536 different colors. This monitor had a refresh rate of 70Hz.
1990- VESA invented the super VGA monitor with a 1600x1200 monitor. This screen had 256 colors and had a refresh rate of 60Hz.
1991- The extended VGA monitor was created by VESA. This monitor has a 1600x1200 pixel monitor with 256 colors. This was an analog monitor with a 60Hz refresh rate screen.

Choosing the Right Monitor

A Step By Step Guide

Monitors come in many different shapes and sizes today. It may take some research to find the right one.
First, ask yourself these questions:
1. Where is my computer now or where do I want it to be?
2. Do I need multiple monitors?
3. How big of a monitor can I fit into the space that I have? How big of a monitor is too big?
4. What will I mainly be using this monitor for? Music? Movies? Pictures? General Use?
5. What kind of computer will I be using? PC? Mac? Laptop? Desktop?
6. Is the Monitor I want in my budget or is the monitor I want too overpriced?

Next, look at these tips to increase your productivity and your knowledge in your buying of a monitor:
  • Today, many televisions also double as computer monitors. If you are creating a media station or just a place to relax and listen to music, watch movies, and watch TV, then this would be an option to consider.
  • Using multiple monitors can increase productivity and is easy to do. The connection cable costs about $20.00 and can double your productivity and your multitasking ability. You could move one item to one screen while you are working on another. This is useful for research and for web browsing.
  • If you are using a desktop, what will it be used for? Gaming? Work? School? Entertainment?

Next, research different brands. There are many brands out there that produce many different types of monitors. Search the web for reviews. If you are looking for a review on the Apple 24" Cinema Display, perform a Google search for "Apple Cinema Display Review". It is that simple. Also, look on the manufacturer's website and some retailer websites for reviews. These are not the most detailed reviews, but they are very simple and give the opinions of others who have had problems with this monitor or who are very happy with their purchase. Remember that some monitors are better for some uses and some brands of computer than others.

When choosing a monitor there are two mainstream types to consider: LCD and CRT. Both types of monitors have many pros and cons to consider before buying, the main ones are listed here. Two other monitors that you could consider are flatscreens and touchscreens, which are a bit more pricey than a LCD or CRT monitor.

CRT (Cathode Ray Tube)

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Although CRT monitors have become fairly outdated, high-end CRT monitors still provide competition for LCD's.

The main advantages that CRT monitors have are:

  • Multisync capability (the ability to scale to various resolutions)
  • High refresh rates
  • Color depth and clarity
  • Lasts for a long time and can take a lot of damage before needing a replacement monitor.
The main disadvantages that CRT monitors have are:
  • Very large and heavy
  • Uses a lot of power
  • Generates a lot of heat
  • Can strain your eyes
  • Is not always compatible with the newer technology coming out or already out.

LCD (Liquid Crystal Display)
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The main type of monitor on the market today is the LCD, which has especially become popular because of it’s smaller size, lighter weight, and newer technology than the CRT monitor.

The main advantages that LCD monitors have are:

  • Small and light
  • Energy-efficient
  • Don’t hurt your eyes as much
  • Newer technology, also more technology compatible with
The main disadvantages of LCD monitors are:
  • Blurry images outside of native resolution
  • Moving images can blur
  • Some models have poor color quality

Then, ask an expert or other buyers. Forums are a great way to communicate with other consumers. Also, it is a good idea to talk to an expert. Call or visit your local electronics store and ask someone who works there.They probably have a good deal of knowledge concerning computer monitors. They may ask you a few questions like "What size are you looking for?", "What price range are you looking in?", or "What will you be using this monitor for?" so have some answers prepared. I would recommend visiting the store so you can get a first-hand view of all the monitors and talk to someone in person, but if you are more comfortable talking over the phone, then call the store and ask for someone who has experience with monitors.

Lastly, visit the store. Even though you should be ready to buy, be open to suggestions, and before purchasing a monitor, ask if you are making the right choice. Try to ask someone other than the person you talked to before to get a second opinion. Once you have purchased your monitor, go home and set it up. Turn it on, make sure everything works. Then, scroll through the settings, and adjust them to where your personal preferences are.

If you run into any trouble with the monitor, call the store you bought it from or the company that produced the monitor. They may be able to help you fix the problem, or they may be able to replace the monitor.

20 Uses for Computer Monitors

1. To view pictures that you have taken and uploaded.
2. High tech and advanced gaming for the pleasure and fulfillment of entertainment.
3. To view assignments teachers have posted for the students to do.
4. To view songs on the internet you would like to listen or to buy.
5. To watch TV shows you missed when played on normal TV or online.
6. To see visual effects such as designs and programs.
7. To communicate with others that possess a computer/monitor.
8. To web-cam with friends, family members, and co-workers.
9. To view recipes you desire to cook.
10. To watch home-made videos you have uploaded or found on YouTube.
11. To read about various information.
12. To view mail that will help you keep in touch with relatives and friends who live far away.
13. To view politics.
14. To view current news and events so you know what is going on throughout the nation/world.
15. To use to put calendar events in to keep track of things.
16. To view/listen to ring tones that you can download onto your phone.
17. To take online polls and surveys and find opinions on certain topics.
18. To view vacation spots or locations to live.
19. To view blogs that you or others have added.
20. To view items you would like to purchase from your favorite store.

Pricing of Monitors

CRT (Cathode Ray Tube):

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  • The Secret Man14 at FRYS is 199 dollars.
  • The AOC CT700G Beige 17" CRT Monitor at is worth 124 dollars.
  • Lenovo 6307BTN Business black 17" CRT Monitor at is worth 169 dollars.
Over all, CRT Monitor prices are ranged from 125-200 dollars. Today, they are hard to find and have very poor quality.

LCD (Liquid Crystal Display):

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LCD Monitors have great resolution. They range in prices by size. 19” monitors go for about $170.00, while 20” monitors go for $190.00. 22” are also about $190.00. 24” monitors are $330.00. 26” range from $400.00 to $450.00. 28” are priced $450.00 to $480.00. And last but not least, 30” range from $1000.00 to $1300.00. Many people go for smaller sizes because of their lower prices and their convenient sizes, so a good choice when buying a monitor would be from 19” to 22”.

Touch Screen:

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There are a lot of different types of touch screen computer monitors that you can buy these days. There are a lot to chose from because most of the major computer brands, like DELL, have at least one model of touch screen monitor out.

They range in size from about 18" all the way to 26". However, you can get touch screen monitors that are even bigger than that. Some monitors are even close to 40".

Since, there is a wide variety of brands, sizes, contrasts, brightness, sharpness, and other features, a consumer can almost pick exactly what they want in a monitor for their computer. Also, because of the wide variety, the prices also vary greatly. I found monitors at Be st Buy and from as low as $300 all the way to $1800. The price mostly depends on what features you want in your monitor.

Flat Screen:

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Flat screenmonitors come in various styles and sizes. The average 17" monitor usually costs from $100-200 dollars. 22" monitors can range from $250-350. 26" monitors are much more expensive ranging from $1,000-1,500. Almost all new monitors including LCD, touch, and CRT are now flat screen. Most people buy 17" monitors because they are a reasonably sized and are at a good price.

Future Uses of Computer Monitors

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This is the Microsoft SurfaceUnit. It allows you to do everything from the monitor so you don't have to use a mouse or anything else. It also allows a lot of other cool features. Future uses are going to evolve from other products and newer versions of monitors such as the touchscreen. Some possible future uses for computer monitors can be not having to use a mouse of keyboard, as said above. Not many things have been said about future use, because they are still researching and coming up with new ideas.

Works Cited